E-working: Country Versus Culture Dimension

DOI 10.7160/aol.2021.130202
No 2/2021, June
pp. 23-34

Beňo, M. (2021) "E-working: Country Versus Culture Dimension", AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 23-34. ISSN 1804-1930. DOI 10.7160/aol.2021.130202.


Globalisation and increasing digitisation mean that companies must increasingly orientate themselves internationally in order to become (more) competitive or to remain competitive. Promoting e-working can revitalise rural development. The issue involved is always interaction between people from different cultures, between people who, according to their cultural backgrounds, feel, think and act differently. When cultural diversity and differences are taken into account, greater creativity, more diverse ideas and faster problem solving are achieved. The cultural dimensions, according to Geert Hofstede, offer a comprehensive model for capturing the various expressions of intercultural values. This paper examines the motives for applying e-working in selected European countries in 2018 according to Hofstede’s six dimensions of national culture. Twenty-eight countries from the Eurostat database were analysed (Finland and the Netherlands were excluded, and software detected them in the e-working variable as outliers). Correlation with e-working is statistically significant at PDI (power distance index - negative: the lower the PDI index, the higher the proportion of e-working) and IVR index (indulgence versus restraint - positive: the higher the IVR index, the higher the proportion of e-working).


E-working, country versus culture, Hofstede, six dimensions of national culture.


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