The Use of Products with a Monitoring System for Remote Bee Detection in Beekeeping in Czechia

DOI 10.7160/aol.2024.160106
No 1/2024, March
pp. 67-81

Kaňovská, L. (2024) "The Use of Products with a Monitoring System for Remote Bee Detection in Beekeeping in Czechia", AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 67-81. ISSN 1804-1930. DOI 10.7160/aol.2024.160106.


The use of modern technology is becoming part of both industry and agriculture. These technologies can also be used in beekeeping, where they can help to monitor the operation of the hive remotely. Beekeepers can remotely monitor the weight of their hives, their temperature, humidity, and other parameters. The aim of this paper is to map the beekeepers in the use of products with monitoring system for remote bee detection in beekeeping in Czechia. To map the issue, qualitative research using semi-structured interviews was conducted with beekeepers, manufacturers/providers of smart devices in beekeeping, and other entities involved in beekeeping. The findings showed that the interest of manufacturers and sellers to offer these smart devices is significant, but the interest of beekeepers is rather less, due to e.g., the purchase price, weaker IT knowledge, traditional beekeeping practices, higher age of beekeepers and the joy of being personally with bees. The novelty of the paper is not to look at the provision of ICT in beekeeping from a technical perspective, but from the perspective of users (beekeepers) and manufacturers of these technologies. Through interviews with beekeepers as well as others in the apiculture sphere, a comprehensive view of the issue is developed. Moreover, this is the first piece of research on this area in Czechia.


Precision beekeeping, precision apiculture, ICT in beekeeping, monitoring systems for remote bee detection, hive scales, Czechia.


  1. Alleri, M., Amoroso, S., Catania, P., Lo Verde, G., Orlando, S., Ragusa, E., Sinacori, M., Vallone, M. and Vella, A. (2023) "Recent developments on precision beekeeping: A systematic literature review", Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, Vol. 14, p. 100726. E-ISSN 2666-1543. DOI 10.1016/j.jafr.2023.100726.
  2. Ammar, D., Savinien, J. and Radisson, L. (2019) "The makers' beehives: Smart beehives for monitoring honey-bees' activities", Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Internet of Things, Bilbao, Spain pp. 1-4. ISBN 978-1-4503-7207-7. DOI 10.1145/3365871.3365887.
  3. Andrijević, N., Urošević, V., Arsić, B., Herceg, D. and Savić, B. (2022) "IoT Monitoring and prediction modeling of honeybee activity with alarm", Electronics, Vol. 11, No. 5, p. 783. E-ISSN 2079-9292. DOI 10.3390/electronics11050783.
  4. Aydin, S. and Aydin, M. N. (2022) "Design and implementation of a smart beehive and its monitoring system using microservices in the context of IoT and open data", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 196, pp. 106897. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2022.106897.
  5. Bencsik, M., Bencsik, J., Baxter, M., Lucian, A., Romieu, J. and Millet, M. (2011) "Identification of the honey bee swarming process by analysing the time course of hive vibrations", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 76, pp. 44-50. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2011.01.004.
  6. Breed, M. J., Guzman-Nova, E. and Hunt, G. J. (2004) "Defensive behavior of honey bees: Organization, genetics, and comparisons with other bees", Annual Review of Entomology, Vol. 49, pp. 271-298. ISSN 1545-4487. DOI 10.1146/annurev.ento.49.061802.123155.
  7. BusinessINFO (2018) " Včelařství: Česko je světovou velmocí", [Online]. Available: https:// [Accessed: Feb. 15, 2024]. (In Czech).
  8. Catania, P., Inglese, P., Pipitone, F. and Vallone, M. (2011) "Assessment of the wind influence on spray application using an artificial vineyard", European Journal of Horticultural Science, Vol. 76, pp. 102-108. E-ISSN 1611-4434, ISSN 1611-4426.
  9. Catania, P. and Vallone, M. (2020) "Application of A Precision Apiculture System to Monitor Honey Daily Production", Sensors, Vol. 20, No. 7. ISSN 1424-3210. DOI 10.3390/s20072012.
  10. Coleman, J. (1958) "Relational analysis: The study of social organizations with survey methods", Human Organization, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 28-36. ISSN 0018-7259. DOI 10.17730/humo.17.4.q5604m676260q8n7.
  11. Český svaz včelařů (2023). [Online]. Available: informace/ [Accessed: Jan. 21, 2024]. (In Czech).
  12. Eitzinger, A., Cock, J., Atzmanstorfer, K., Binder, C. R., Läderach, P., Bonilla-Findji, O., Bartling, M., Mwongera, C., Zurita, L. and Jarvis, A. (2019) "GeoFarmer: A monitoring and feedback system for agricultural development projects", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 158, pp. 109-121. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2019.01.049.
  13. Ferrari, S., Silva, M., Guarino, M. and Berckmans, D. (2008) "Monitoring of swarming sounds in bee hives for early detection of the swarming period", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 64, pp. 72-77. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2008.05.010.
  14. Fitzgerald, D. W., Edwards-Murphy, F., Wright, W. M. D., Whelan, P. M. and Popovici, E. M. (2015) "Design and development of a smart weighing scale for beehive monitoring", 26th Irish Signals and Systems Conference (ISSC 2015), IEEE, pp. 1-6. E-ISBN 978-1-4673-6974-9. DOI 10.1109/ISSC.2015.7163763.
  15. Gary, N. E. (1992) "Activities and behavior of honey bees", In: Graham, J. M. (ed.) " The hive and the honey bee", pp. 269-372. Dadant and Sons. ISBN 10 0915698099, ISBN 13 9780915698097.
  16. Gates, B. N. (1914) "The temperature of the bee colony", book, United States Department of Agriculture, Department Bulletin No. 96. DOI 10.5962/bhl.title.64474.
  17. Gil-Lebrero, S., Quiles-Latorre, F. J., Ortiz-López, M., Sánchez-Ruiz, V., Gámiz-López, V. and Luna-Rodríguez, J. J. (2017) "Honey bee colonies remote monitoring system", Sensors, Vol. 17, No. 1, p. 55. ISSN 1424-8220. DOI 10.3390/s17010055.
  18. Gratzer, K., Susilo, F., Purnomo, D., Fiedler, S. and Brodschneider, R. (2019) "Challenges for beekeeping in Indonesia with autochthonous and introduced bees", Bee World, Vol. 96, No. 2, pp. 40-44. ISSN 2376-7618. DOI 10.1080/0005772X.2019.1571211.
  19. Hadjur, H., Ammar, D. and Lefèvre, L. (2022) "Toward an intelligent and efficient beehive: A survey of precision beekeeping systems and services", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 192, pp. 1-16. p. 106604. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2021.106604.
  20. Komasilovs, V., Zacepins, A., Kviesis, A., Fiedler, S. and Kirchner, S. (2019) "Modular sensory hardware and data processing solution for implementation of the precision beekeeping", Agronomy Research, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 509-517. ISSN 2639-3166. DOI 10.15159/AR.19.038.
  21. Kviesis, A., Komasilovs, V., Komasilova, O. and Zacepins, A. (2020) "Application of fuzzy logic for honey bee colony state detection based on temperature data", Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 193, pp. 90-100. ISSN 1537-5110. DOI 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2020.02.010.
  22. LeBuhn, G. and Vargas Luna, J. (2021) "Pollinator decline: What do we know about the drivers of solitary bee declines?", Current Opinion in Insect Science, Vol. 46, pp. 106-111. ISSN 2214-5745. DOI 10.1016/j.cois.2021.05.004.
  23. Meikle, W., Rector, B., Mercadier, G. and Holst, N. (2008) "Within-day variation in continuous hive weight data as a measure of honey bee colony activity", Apidologie, Vol. 39, pp. 694-707. E-ISSN 1297-9678, ISSN 0044-8435. DOI 10.1051/apido:2008055.
  24. Meikle, W. G. and Holst, N. (2015) "Application of continuous monitoring of honeybee colonies", Apidologie, Vol. 46, pp. 10-22. E-ISSN 1297-9678, ISSN 0044-8435. DOI 10.1007/s13592-014-0298-x.
  25. Meikle, W. G., Weiss, M., Maes, P. W., Fitz, W., Snyder, L. A., Sheehan, T., Mott, B. M. and Anderson, K. E. (2017) "Internal hive temperature as a means of monitoring honey bee colony health in a migratory beekeeping operation before and during winter", Apidologie, Vol. 48, No. 5, pp. 666-680. E-ISSN 1297-9678, ISSN 0044-8435. DOI 10.1007/s13592-017-0512-8.
  26. Mezquida, D. A. and Martínez, J. L. (2009) "Platform for bee-hives monitoring based on sound analysis: A perpetual warehouse for swarm's daily activity", Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 4, pp. 824-828. ISSN 1695-971X. DOI 10.5424/sjar/2009074-1109.
  27. Pejić, J., Milovanović, M., Božilov, A. and Pejić, P. (2022) "Impact of Precision Beekeeping on the Living Environment", Facta Universitatis, Series: Working and Living Environmental Protection, pp. 49-61. E-ISSN 2406-0534. DOI 10.22190/FUWLEP2201049P.
  28. Popović, T., Latinović, N., Pešić, A., Zečević, Ž., Krstajić, B. and Djukanović, S. (2017) "Architecting an IoT-enabled platform for precision agriculture and ecological monitoring: A case study", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 140, pp. 255-265. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2017.06.008.
  29. Robustillo, M. C., Pérez, C. J. and Parra, M. I. (2022) "Predicting internal conditions of beehives using precision beekeeping", Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 221, pp. 19-29. ISSN 1537-5110. DOI 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2022.06.006.
  30. Rozhlas (2020) [Online]. Available: zije-tu-700-tisic-vcelstev-ctvrty-nejvyssi-pocet-na-8154463 [Accessed: Feb. 15, 2024]. (In Czech).
  31. Schneider, C. W., Tautz, J., Grünewald, B.and Fuchs, S. (2012) "RFID tracking of sublethal effects of two neonicotinoid insecticides on the foraging behavior of Apis mellifera", PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 1, p. e30023. E-ISSN 1932-6203. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0030023.
  32. Southwick, E. E. (1992) "Physiology and social physiology of the honey bee", In: Graham, J. M. (ed.) "The Hive and the Honey Bee", pp. 171-196. Dadant and Sons. ISBN 10 0915698099, ISBN 13 9780915698097.
  33. Stalidzans, E. and Berzonis, A. (2013) "Temperature changes above the upper hive body reveal the annual development periods of honey bee colonies", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 90, pp. 1-6. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2012.10.003.
  34. Stalidzans, E., Zacepins, A., Kviesis, A., Brusbardis, V., Meitalovs, J., Paura, L., Bulipopa, N. and Liepniece, M. (2017) "Dynamics of weight change and temperature of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies in a wintering building with controlled temperature", Journal of Economic Entomology, Vol. 110, No. 1, pp. 13-23. ISSN 1938-291X. DOI 10.1093/jee/tow282.
  35. Tashakkori, R., Hamza, A. S. and Crawford, M. B. (2021) "Beemon: An IoT-based beehive monitoring system", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 190, p. 106427. ISSN 0168-1699. DOI 10.1016/j.compag.2021.106427.
  36. Wakjira, K., Negera, T., Zacepins, A., Kviesis, A., Komasilovs, V., Fiedler, S., Kirchner, S., Hensel, O., Purnomo, D., Nawawi, M., Paramita, A., Rachman, O. F., Pratama, A., Faizah, N. A., Lemma, M., Schaedlich, S., Zur, A., Sperl, M., Proschek, K., Gratzer, K. and Brodschneider, R. (2021) "Smart apiculture management services for developing countries-the case of SAMS project in Ethiopia and Indonesia", PeerJ Computer Science, Vol. 7, p. e484. ISSN 2376-5992. DOI 10.7717/peerj-cs.484.
  37. Zacepins, A. and Karasha, T. (2013) "Application of temperature measurements for bee colony monitoring: A review", In: Proceedings of the 12th International Scientific Conference “Engineering for Rural Development”, Jelgava, Latvia: Latvia University of Agriculture, pp. 126-131. ISBN 978-3-902734-07. [Online]. Available: conference/proceedings2013/Papers/022_Zacepins_A.pdf [Accessed: Feb. 10, 2024].
  38. Zacepins, A. and Brusbardis, V. (2015) "Precision beekeeping (precision apiculture): Research needs and status in Latvia", Agriculture and Forestry, Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 135-141. E-ISSN 1800-6492, ISSN 0554-5579. DOI 10.17707/AgricultForest.61.1.17.
  39. Zacepins, A., Kviesis, A., Pecka, A. and Osadcuks, V. (2017) "Development of Internet of Things concept for Precision Beekeeping", In: 2017 18th International Carpathian Control Conference (ICCC). Sinaia, Romania, pp. 23-27. ISBN 9781509048625. DOI 10.1109/CarpathianCC.2017.7970365.
  40. Zacepins, A., Kviesis, A., Komasilovs, V. and Muhammad, F. R. (2020) "Monitoring system for remote bee colony state detection", Baltic Journal of Modern Computing, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 461-470. ISSN 2255-8950. DOI 10.22364/bjmc.2020.8.3.05.
  41. Zacepins, A., Kviesis, A., Komasilovs, V., Brusbardis, V. and Kronbergs, J. (2021) "Status of the Precision Beekeeping Development in Latvia", Rural Sustainability Research, Vol. 45, No. 340, pp. 86-92. ISSN 2256-0939. DOI 10.2478/plua-2021-0010.
  42. Zgank, A. (2019) "Bee Swarm Activity Acoustic Classification for an IoT-Based Farm Service", Sensors, Vol. 20, No. 1, 21 p. ISSN 1424-8220. DOI 10.3390/s20010021.

Full paper

  Full paper (.pdf, 960.68 KB).