Sensor Data Gathering for Innovative Climatic System for Effective Water and Nutrient Management

DOI 10.7160/aol.2023.150106
No 1/2023, January
pp. 73-81

Kepka, M., Černý, L., Musil, M. and Křivánek, Z. (2023) "Sensor Data Gathering for Innovative Climatic System for Effective Water and Nutrient Management", AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 73-81. ISSN 1804-1930. DOI 10.7160/aol.2023.150106.


Climate change is having a major impact on various sectors such as agriculture and water management due to changes in the distribution of rainfall. Mitigation of climate change impacts can be achieved through early detection of these changes by monitoring systems and the adoption of appropriate adaptation measures. One of the main goals is to design and develop a next generation monitoring and alerting system to support the optimization of water and soil nutrient management in agricultural domain. Sensors and sensor data management play an important in this kind of monitoring systems. A complete sensor data chain was developed based on modern wireless sensor networks and IoT technologies that covers the data gathering up to the data publication by interoperable interfaces. The monitoring system was tested on vineyards in pilot localities in Czech Republic and in Argentina.


Sensors, monitoring, alerting, water management, wireless sensor network, data processing.


  1. Arnó J., Martínez Casasnovas, J. A., Ribes Dasi, M. and Rosell, J. R. (2009) "Review. Precision viticulture. Research topics, challenges and opportunities in site-specific vineyard management", Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 779-790. E-ISSN 2171-9292. DOI 10.5424/sjar/2009074-1092.
  2. Beckwith, R., Teibel, D. and Bowen, P. (2004) "Unwired wine: sensor networks in vineyards", Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, Vol. 2, pp. 561-564. ISSN 19300395 DOI 10.1109/ICSENS.2004.1426227.
  3. Bellvert, J., Zarco-Tejada, P.J., Girona, J. et al. (2014) "Mapping crop water stress index in a ‘Pinot-noir’ vineyard: comparing ground measurements with thermal remote sensing imagery from an unmanned aerial vehicle", Precision Agriculture, Vol. 15, pp. 361-376. E-ISSN 1573-1618 ISSN 1385-2256. DOI 10.1007/s11119-013-9334-5.
  4. Boukalová, Z., Trakal, L., Křivánek, Z. and Dolling, O. (2019) "V004: Výběr a charakteristika pilotních lokalit a jejich konečných uživatelů", Project report, Prague: Lesprojekt-služby. (In Czech)
  5. Burrell, J., Brooke, T. and Beckwith, R. (2004) "Vineyard computing: sensor networks in agricultural production", IEEE Pervasive Computing, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 38-45. ISSN 1536-1268. DOI 10.1109/MPRV.2004.1269130.
  6. Catania, P., Vallone, M., Re, G. L. and Ortolani, M. (2013) "A wireless sensor network for vineyard management in Sicily (Italy)", CIGR Journal, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 139-146. ISSN 1682-1130.
  7. Galmes, S. (2006) "Lifetime Issues in Wireless Sensor Networks for Vineyard Monitoring", IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, pp. 542-545. ISSN 0368-492X DOI 10.1109/MOBHOC.2006.278605.
  8. Ginestar, C., Eastham, J., Gray, S. and Iland, P. (1998) "Use of Sap-Flow Sensors to Schedule Vineyard Irrigation. II. Effects of Post-Veraison Water Deficits on Composition of Shiraz Grapes", American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, Vol. 49, pp. 421-428. ISSN 0002-9254. DOI 10.5344/ajev.1998.49.4.421.
  9. Hendrychová, M., Trakal, L. and Křivánek, Z. (2021) "V009: In situ laboratoř v ČR – Čepirohy", Project report. Prague: Lesprojekt-služby. (In Czech).
  10. ISO, T. C. 211 (2011) "ISO 19156: 2011-Geographic information--Observations and measurements", International Standard, Geneva, Switzerland. International Organization for Standardization
  11. Java, O., Sigajevs, A., Binde, J. and Kepka, M. (2021) "NB-IoT Sensor Network for Obtaining the Input Data for Hydrological Simulation Model", AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 59-69. ISSN 1804-1930. DOI 10.7160/aol.2021.130105.
  12. Kepka, M., Charvát, K., Šplíchal, M., Křivánek, Z., Musil, M., Leitgeb, Š., Kožuch, D. and Bērziņš, R. (2017) "The SensLog platform–a solution for sensors and citizen observatories", Book Chapter in Environmental Software Systems. Computer Science for Environmental Protection, pp. 372-382. ISBN 13 9783319899343. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-89935-0_31.
  13. Křivánek, Z., Musil, M. and Kepka, M. (2020) "V005: Popis jednotlivých komponentů systému AgriClima", Project report, Prague: Lesprojekt-služby. (In Czech).
  14. Křivánek, Z., Musil, M., Kepka, M. and Boukalová, Z. (2021) "V007: strategie konstrukce poloprovozu a jeho dlouhodobého monitoringu a založení databáze – San Juan, farma ECOHUMUS", Project report, Prague: Lesprojekt-služby. (In Czech).
  15. ] Lloret, J., Bosch, I., Sendra, S. and Serrano, A. (2011) "A Wireless Sensor Network for Vineyard Monitoring That Uses Image Processing", Sensors, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 6165-6196. ISSN 1424-3210. DOI 10.3390/s110606165.
  16. Mirás-Avalos, J. M. and Araujo, E. S. (2021) "Optimization of Vineyard Water Management: Challenges, Strategies, and Perspectives", Water, Vol. 13, No. 6, pp. 746. ISSN 2073-4441. DOI 10.3390/w13060746.
  17. Rogotis, S., Fournier, F., Charvát, K. and Kepka, M. (2021) "Sensor Data", In: Södergård, C., Mildorf, T., Habyarimana, E., Berre, A. J., Fernandes, J. A., Zinke-Wehlmann, C. (eds) Big Data in Bioeconomy, Springer, Cham. pp. 41 - 48. ISBN 978-3-030-71069-9. DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-71069-9_3.
  18. Togami, T., Yamamoto, K., Hashimoto, A., Watanabe, N., Takata, K., Nagai, H. and Kameoka, T. (2011) "A wireless sensor network in a vineyard for smart viticultural management", SICE Annual Conference 2011, Tokyo, Japan, 2011, pp. 2450-2454.

Full paper

  Full paper (.pdf, 1.56 MB).