Productivity of Czech Milk Production in European Comparison

DOI 10.7160/aol.2020.120310
No 3/2020, September
pp. 115-127

Žáková Kroupová, Z., Hálová, P. and Rumánková, L. (2020) “Productivity of Czech Milk Production in European Comparison", AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 115-127. ISSN 1804-1930. DOI 10.7160/aol.2020.120310.


The aim of the paper is to evaluate the development and main characteristics of Czech milk production productivity and to compare Czech development with the situation in the European Union. From a methodological point of view, a parametric approach in the form of stochastic frontier analysis was applied, the input distance function was estimated, and total factor productivity was examined. The analysis used an unbalanced panel data set, which describes TF14-45 specialist milk production from 27 member states of the European Union in the period 2004–2016 collected in the FADN database. The results showed that in the Czech Republic, the average value of technical efficiency was 94.01% during the analysed time period. Compared to EU member states, this figure was above the EU-13 average (93.71%). Czech milk production in the analysed period and the milk production of almost all other EU countries was characterized by increasing returns to scale. Examination of total factor productivity (TFP) showed that the scale effect and technical efficiency change effect can be considered the main components of TFP changes in Czech milk production. However, the scale effect was more significant in EU-15 countries than the Czech milk sector.


Milk, Czech Republic, European Union, technical efficiency, random parameter model, total factor productivity.


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