Estimation of Barley (Hordeum Vulgare L.) Crop Water Requirements Using Cropwat Software in Ksar-Chellala Region, Algeria
No 3/2016, September
Laouisset, M. B. and Dellal, A. (2016) “Estimation of Barley (Hordeum Vulgare L.) Crop Water Requirements Using Cropwat Software in Ksar-Chellala Region, Algeria", AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 91 - 102. ISSN 1804-1930 DOI 10.7160/aol.2016.080309.
This paper estimates the reference Evapotranspiration (ET0) and Water requirements of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Ksar-Chellala region, Algeria, for one dry year by using CROPWAT software. Determination of Evapotranspiration (ET) is important in application such as irrigation design, irrigation scheduling, water resource management, hydrology and cropping systems modeling. Estimation of crop water requirements of barley (CWRb) respected the methodology adopted by the service of development and management service of FAO, based on the use of software CROPWAT 8.0. The total water requirements for barley depend on a variety of target yields and crops management. The period of climatic data used is 23 years (1990-2012), the average rain in this period is 254 mm. The total rain of the dry year is 190 mm. The results of this study show, during the vegetative cycle of barley which is 6 months, the calculation of ET0 is 453 mm, the potential water which was used by the crop barley is estimated at 281.4 mm, the efficiency of rainfall is 69 mm and a total water requirements of barley (CWRb) equals to 211 mm, this amount distributed on three months coincided with important stages of development in barley. The supplementary irrigation in these conditions with optimal contents equals water requirements estimated by CROPWAT software that increases significantly grain yield of barely. Consequently, the gross irrigation water requirements (GIWR) of 1250000 ha which project to grow barley in the Algerian steppes regions are estimated at 3.77 billion and this for a dry year and a irrigation efficiency of 70%.
Hordeum vulgare, water requirements, CROPWAT, Algerian steppes regions.
- Andales, A. A., Chávez, J. L., Bauder, T. A. (2015) "Irrigation Scheduling: The Water Balance Approach", Fact Sheet No. 4.707, Crop Series Irrigation, Colorado State University Extension, 11/93. Revised 1/15. [Online] Available: http:// www.ext.colostate.edu. [Accessed 30 April 2016].
- Ångström, A. (1924) "Solar and terrestrial radiation. Report to the international commission for solar research on actinometric investigations of solar and atmospheric radiation". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 50, No. 210, pp. 121-126. E-ISSN 1477-870X. ISSN 0035-9009.
- Bencherif, S. (2011) "L’élevage pastoral et la céréaliculture dans la steppe algérienne", thèse de doctorat, Agro Paris Tech, Institut des Sciences et Industrie du Vivant et de l’Environnement (AgroParisTech), p. 269, pastel-00586977, version 1 - 19, Apr 2011 [Online] Available: http://pastel.archivesouvertes.fr/docs/00/58/69/77/PDF/These_bencherif.pdf. [Accessed: Mai 25, 2016].
- CEDARE (2014) North Africa Regional Water Sector M&E Rapid Assessment Report, Monitoring & Evaluation for Water in North Africa (MEWINA) Project, Water Resources Management Program.
- Bray, E. A. (1997) "Plant responses to water deficit", Trends in Plant Science, Vol. 2, No 2, pp. 48-54, ISSN 1360-1385. DOI 10.1016/S1360-1385(97)82562-9.
- Doorenbus, J. and Pruitt, W. O. (1977) "Guidelines for predicting Crop water requirements, Irrigation and Drainage", FAO, Paper No. 24.
- Doorenbos, J. and Kassam, A. H. (1979) "Yield Response to Water, Irrigation and Drainage", FAO, Paper No. 33.
- O'Shaughnessy, S., A., Evett, S. R., Colaizzi, P. D. and Howell, T. A. (2012) "A crop water stress index and time threshold for automatic irrigation scheduling of grain sorghum", Agricultural Water Management, May 2012, Vol. 107, pp. 122-132. ISSN 0378-3774. DOI 10.1016/j.agwat.2012.01.018.
- Pasquale, S.,Theodore, C. H., Elias, F. and Dirk, R. (2012) "Crop yield response to water", FAO, Paper No. 66, pp. 134-141. ISBN 978-92-5-107274-5.
- Paulson, C. A. (1970) "The Mathematical Representation of Wind Speed and Temperature Profiles in the Unstable Atmospheric Surface Layer", Journal of Applied Meteorology, No. 9, pp. 857–861. DOI 10.1175/1520-0450(1970)009<0857:TMROWS>2.0.CO;2.
- Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007) "Updated world map of the Köppen- Geiger climate classification", Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, No 11, pp. 1633-1644. [Online] Available: http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/11/1633/2007/. [Accessed 20 Oct 2015]. DOI 10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007.
- Rahal-Bouziane, H. (2015) "Genetic diversity of traditional genotypes of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Algeria by pheno-morphological and agronomic traits", African journal of agricultural research, Vol. 10, No. 31, pp. 3041-3048. ISSN 1991-637X. DOI 10.5897/AJAR2015.9513.
- Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D. and Smith, M. (1998) "Crop Evapotranspiration: Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirements", FAO, Irrigation and drainage paper No. 56. ISBN 92-5-104219-5.
- Solinas I. (2011) "Information Technology in Irrigation and Drainage Course, Power-Point presentations". Florence, Italy.
- Savva, A. P. and Frenken, K. (2002) "Crop Water Requirements and Irrigation Scheduling. Irrigation Manual Module 4", Water Resources Development and Management Officers, FAO, Sub-Regional Office for East and Southern Africa, 2002, Harare, Zimbabwe.
- Smith, M. (1992) "A computer program for irrigation planning and management. Irrigation and Drainage", FAO, Paper No. 46.
- Ullrich, S. E. (2011) "Significance adaptation production and trade of barley", In: Barley Production, Improvement and Uses, Ed. Ullrich John Wiley & Sons Inc., Ames, IA, USA. pp. 3-13.
- Yavuz, D., Seymen, M., Yavuz, N., and Türkmen, O. (2015) "Effects of irrigation interval and quantity on the yield and quality of confectionary pumpkin grown under field conditions", Agricultural Water Management. September 2015, Vol. 159, pp. 290-298. ISSN 0378-3774. DOI 10.1016/j.agwat.2015.06.025.