No 2/2009, December
World agricultural production and consumption
The article deals with an analysis of the world agricultural and foodstuff production and consumption. It analyses production and consumption development during the last 45 years (1961-2006). The aim of our paper is to analyse the current growth of population and foodstuff consumption and production and on the basis of these analyses, the paper tries to analyse the past and current food production development. In general, the paper analyses which factors influenced the foodstuff demand and which factors influenced the foodstuff supply.
Agriculture, production, consumption, development, analyses, World
The range and the structure of subsidies in agriculture companies reaching a different economical level
The paper deals with a range and a structure of subsidies in agricultural companies reach a different economic level and farm in different natural conditions.
The research realized within a set of 109 agricultural companies of NUTS II South-East throughout the years 2001-2003 shows that the endowment support of field economy had the same extent in the main (subsidies for 1 ha of agricultural land and for one worker), both in the group of different economic level and in the group of agricultural companies running their own business in different natural conditions during this period.
The structure of subsidies, in a view-point of their special purpose, is a bit different among the companies running businesses in less favored areas (LFA), namely in a higher share of subsidies supporting a non-production asset, ecological agriculture and beef-raising.
Agricultural companies, subsidies, economical level of companies, natural conditions
Legal regulation of information and communications technologies as specific forms of production factor for capital in food industry
Information and communication technologies are one of factors that markedly influence agricultural primary production and food industry as well as all other branches of the national economy. Therefore, it is necessary to analyse an effect of Community legal regulations for electronic transactions on resource utility.
Legal regulations, ICT, food industry, production resources, capital
Virtual form of education in lifelong learning - chance for the country
The availability of education, including lifelong learning, is one of the value measures of quality of life in advanced countries. However, there are still significant differences between a township and a rural region. Centres of education are mainly situated in big cities; smaller municipalities are separated from these centres by tens or hundreds of kilometers (according to the conditions of the Czech Republic). While educating young people, it is usually accepted that they commute towards education; there is a whole range of social and cultural aspects; and above all, they have time for that - it is their main “working” load. The opposite situation is the case in lifelong learning, which is conducted in parallel with full-time employment but is necessary for effective and competitive performing of the employment. For participants of lifelong learning it is impossible to commute big distances; their working load does not allow it. Thus, those forms, in which so called „education which goes to the students”, are chosen.
ICT brings an enormous opportunity to bring education closer to the rural regions. A text form of e-learning is practically already standard; but a voice and image broadcast give us inexhaustible possibilities of usage. The aim of this paper is to propose and verify methods of distant (virtual) education with the use of multimedia tools.
E-learning, virtual education, lifelong learning, rural development, multimedia
Prefarm Systems and economical analysis of practical experiences
The system of Precision farming guarantees a detail monitoring of data and information necessary for a successful decision in a crop production. The system is designed for a data collection from several sources. The data are collected by a service company and also directly by farmers. The paper also analyses the economical efficiency on the base of Medlov Farm. Next development is currently running under projects Prezem and AgriSensor.
GPS, GIS, precision farming, economical analysis, monitoring
This paper defines the first version of a vision of Future Farming project and also a knowledge management system used by European farms which will be designed and developed by the Future Farm project. An important part of the vision is a definition of external drivers and their influence on farm business in future. Paper is looking on a situation in three periods: short (2013), middle (2020) and long-term (2030). Our vision expects that the farming system will continuously converge to the situation of two types of farm: an industrial farm, which will guarantee both the food safety and the food security for European citizens, and multifunctional farms focused on environment protection. The recommendation proposes an architecture based on communication of interoperable services, so called Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), for easy integration of different levels and components of farm management.
Farming, external drivers, future vision, knowledge management, SOA