Agris on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics

Faculty of Economics and Management CULS Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Praha - Suchdol

The international peer-reviewed scientific journal, ISSN 1804-1930


Exploitation of Agricultural Land in the Czech Republic and EU Countries

Zdeňka Gebeltová

DOI: 10.7160/aol.2017.090404

Agris on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, No 4 /2017, December

pp. 33-44

Gebeltová, Z. (2017) “Exploitation of Agricultural land in the Czech Republic and EU Countries", AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 33-44. ISSN 1804-1930.DOI 10.7160/aol.2017.090404.

Abstract

The primary objective of the paper is to assess the extent and exploitation of agricultural land in the CR
and EU countries based on selected macro-socioeconomic indicators in order to determine the position
of the CR and future desirable exploitation, protection and stabilisation of agricultural land in the CR.
The following methods will be employed in order to meet the objective: (1) The Coefficient of Geographical
Association (CGA) and my own modified coefficients of association reflecting the impact of exploitation
of agricultural land on indicators of the country’s economic level. (2) Comparison (shrinkage of agricultural
land, workforce in agriculture and market price of agricultural land in selected countries). (3) The Coefficient
of Ecological Stability to assess the extent of stable and unstable areas in EU-27 countries. The following
data are used for calculations: Eurostat (2009, 2015), World Bank and FAOSTAT (1993-2014). The extent
of agricultural land in the CR (2014/1993) has been decreasing more slowly than in the detailed comparison
countries (5 countries with the lowest CGA). The price of the agricultural land (2014) is lower than in France,
Germany and Poland; nevertheless, the actual price rates are not as contrasting against these countries
if purchase parity is considered. The Coefficient of Ecological Stability ranks the Czech Republic in the second
half of the list of EU-27 countries (22nd place). While the ecological stability of land has decreased slightly
in Germany and France (2009-2015), an improvement has occurred in the CR.

Keywords

Agricultural land fund, the Coefficient of Geographical Association, agricultural land loss, the Coefficient of Ecological Stability, land price.

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