No 2/2010, June
The adaptability of stakeholders to new approaches in rural development in the Czech Republic
The paper deals with the adoption of new approaches in the practice of rural development. Major attention is paid to the LEADER approach, with the objective of evaluating the implementation of the principles in the activities of actors associated with Czech LAGs. Techniques of content analysis and interviews with selected representatives, mainly with managers of LAGs, were used for sociological empirical research. The results analyse concrete clashes between the hierarchic structure and the principle of network co-operation, which is starting to develop successfully at state-wide and international levels. Next, the results point out the failures in the implementation of the LEADER approach in the Czech Republic which have been overcome (linked with the principles of recourse from locality, decentralised management and financing, partnership) and, on the contrary, those which are still ongoing (linked with principles of integration of sectors, innovativeness). In the Conclusion, research questions for further solution are formulated.
Countryside, development, territorial governance, stakeholder, LEADER
The Impact of Foreign Investments on the Achievement of Economic Growth
This article deals with the analysis of the positive side of the foreign direct investments in the World´s economy. The importance of this research is derived from the significant role that can be played by foreign investments in industrialized and developing countries. Some countries are still hesitant to attract the foreign investments despite its human and physical potentialities. The foreign investments are mainly influenced by political and economical factors. Foreign direct investments to developing countries are growing very rapidly. In the past, these investments were limited to raw material sectors, nowadays the current investments involve more sectors than ever before. These investments have implications of trade and integration. The revival of foreign investments implies that the risks to private investments have been lowered mainly because of specific policy changes and of improvements of governance more generally. In this research we have mainly used the descriptive methods on the basis of data collection.
Foreign direct investment, global economy, international economy, developing countries, multinational companies, economic growth.
What is the structure of the coffee market: Can the real poor benefit from the coffee trade?
This article deals with the trade with coffee. The primary aim of the paper is to analyse the international coffee trade. Because coffee belongs to the cash crops we have focus on the production. We have analysed the structure of the trade concerning the green (not roasted) coffee, roasted coffee and coffee extracts, essences or concentrates. The analyses of production show enormous differences between developed and developing countries on the supply side. Dissimilarity appeared in the price system. Our results show that developing countries (especially least developed countries) cannot fully benefit from the international trade because they are placed just on the lowest level of the production vertical line. The results prove that there must exist strong influence of the supply chains. This is connected with the export of roasted coffee and import of the green coffee.
Coffee market, international trade, prices, supply chains, developing countries
Food Tracing and Interoperability of Information Systems in the Hungarian Meat Industry
The manufacture, distribution and retailing of foodstuffs became an extraordinarily complex business activity. The complete food chain must provide for the implementation of the strictest quality standards and safety regulations. Problems of food safety can be solved by keeping (and enforcing) applicable regulations, by introducing modern quality assurance systems, by making possible the traceability of products and their identification. The safety of product lines and tracing of products cannot be solved without using information systems of a certain level. During our research, it came to light that, generally, agrarian traceability struggles with many more problems. Companies try to live up to expectation, but they often apply different solutions with totally different approaches, while serving several different market aspects, depending on their customers. The conception of the Digital Business Ecosystem (DBE) has come, to build an Internet-based environment in which businesses will be able to interact with each other efficiently. The DBE solutions based on community philosophy are able to create applications, which can solve most of food traceability problems.
Quality management, information systems, meat industry, food tracing, Digital Business Ecosystem
Evaluation of data box introduction process in the Czech Republic
One of base building stones of eGovernment development in the Czech Republic is so called Data boxes which were introduced to unify communication and to increase efficiency in public administration. The aim of a study carried out by the Department of Information Technologies was to analyze the implementation procedure and to use data boxes. The questioning took place in December 2009, i.e. c.6 weeks after introduction of duty to use a data box.
Obtained results are important above all because the development process of eGovernment still does not end. The suggestion from data box implementation can significantly facilitate introduction of basic registers and other applications.
eGovernment, Data box, 300/2008 Col., 111/2009 Col., Basic registeres
Best practices of GIS applications in the Hungarian agriculture
Information and analysis produced with the use of GIS applications efficiently support the work of the users of the software and decision makers irrespectively of they are a single person or the Hungarian Government. We primarily discuss the major agriculture applications – Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) and National and Regional Planning Information System (TeIR) – from the aspect of the sector which may save time, energy and money for its users.
LPIS is exclusive national land parcel identification system of the procedures of agricultural subsidies. The data of this identification system can be used in the applying of European Union subsidies which are available in a geographical information system.
TeIR can help such organizations, which deal with planning and developing activity and controlling at a sector level in decision making in connection with regional development and land use planning.
Land Parcel Identification System, Integrated Administration and Control System, orthophotos, physical block, land development, Internet