No 1/2009, September
Cash flow as an important solvency determinant of agricultural enterprises in the Slovak Republic
In this paper deals with the cash flow analysis in agricultural companies in particular regions of the Slovak Republic. At present, from a company’s point of view it is not so important to reach a profit but to have a sufficient cash to keep solvency. On base of column and balance cash flow composition we determine in which areas agricultural companies invested money and what sources they used to finance their activities.
Agricultural companies in the Slovak Republic financed their activities particularly from internal sources, however, they used external sources, too. Companies situated in better natural conditions spent more external sources than companies in LFA. The companies used the financial sources in operating and investment activities equally.
Agricultural enterprises, cash flow analysis, net cash flow, balance composition of cash flow
Comparison of milk production costs among EU members
This paper attempts to identify factors which influence the effectiveness of milk production. The basic aim is to compare levels of costs in the dairy industry between Czech and European producers. The average cost per 100 kg ECM milk is determined from data provided by the European Dairy Farmers association (EDF). The total costs per 1 litre of Czech milk producers are on the European average level with high production efficiency. The problem is only in the utilisation of basic production factors, especially land and labour.
Milk production, costs, profitability, production factors
The influence of official development assistance on economical development of the selected groups of developing countries around the world
The current financial crisis influenced the whole economy around the world. Almost all sectors of human activities and all countries are affected by its impacts. While in the past all kinds of crises had an effect on developing countries and in case of developed countries only selected sectors of the national economy were involved, the current crisis, which started in the second half of 2008, seriously affected not only developing countries but also developed countries. During the last several decades, we became witnesses of a permanently increasing gap between developing and developed countries. While only few developed countries with about 1.2 billion people produced about 80 % of the world GDP, the rest of the world represented by developing countries with about 5.8 billion people produced only 20 % of the world GDP. Many different ideas were proposed to improve the situation in case of developing countries and to eliminate the gap between the rich “North” and the poor “South”. All initiatives are based on a cooperation between developed and developing countries. This cooperation is based not only on the economical and political cooperation, but also on a very intensive developing aid provided by developed countries and international institutions. The aid is offered in many forms (financial, food or development aid). The main aim of our paper is to evaluate the value and flows of possible forms of aid which were offered to developing countries in the period before the financial crisis and the next step is to estimate how the current financial crisis affects developing aid flows.
Aid, development assistance, economic growth, developing countries
Videoconferencing for more effective cooperation
This contribution has three parts. The first part focuses on the analysis of the basic functionalities of different videoconference systems. The second part presents practical experience in the use of different videoconference systems in the NODES project and within the framework of the ELLS universities network. The third part provides recommendations for virtual meetings in the rural context, particularly in respect of overcoming the distance handicap and the geographical isolation of rural communities.
Videoconferencing, cooperation, virtual meeting, rural sustainability, Nodes project, ELLS
Information Services and ICT Development in Agriculture of the Czech Republic
The paper presents results of KIT (Department of Information Technologies) research which maps the actual state and expected development trends of information and communication technologies in conditions of CR agriculture. It includes results of investigation realized in 2008 with connection to the actually carried out inquiry in the first half-year 2009.
Broadband, ADSL, FTTx, Wi-Fi, CDMA